Presenze cistercensi ad Amalfi: il caso controverso dell’abbazia di S. Pietro a Toczolo

Author: Nicola Caroppo

Cistercian presences in Amalfi: the discussed example of St. Peter’s abbey at Toczolo

St. Peter’s Rectory or St. Peter at Toczolo stands on a hill located in the west side of Amalfi. The actual state of conservation of the area is altered by many anthropical factors. Of the cloister, the north wing and few parts of the east and the west wings currently remain. The Abbey church, in its Baroque style, is best preserved and hides a medieval roof with arches and vaults and a square apse. Strictly linked to this first medieval phase are also the two square rooms near the church and, downstairs, the little refectory. The first mention of a Chapel, called St. Peter ad Tocculum, dates back to 985. According to Martirologium of Fossanova and to historical reconstructions, on this preexisting Chapel, cardinal Peter Capuano would found, among 1212 and 1214, first the Rectory and after the Cistercian Abbey of St. Peter in Toczolo, born as a dependence of the Cistercian Abbey of Fossanova. An important role in this was played by pope Innocent III. Probably, cardinal Peter Capuano (1150?-1214) only had an economical role by financing the first growth of the Abbey, but most of the architectural structures were made around 1240-1250, after St. Peter in Toczolo became independent from the Chapter of Fossanova.