Il palazzo di Giovanni Burcardo: Tardogotico oltremontano e Roma rinascimentale

Author: Maurizio Ficari

The palace of Giovanni Burcardo: German Late Gothic and Renaissance Rome

In the last decade of the 15th century Johann Burkard, pontifical master of ceremonies from Haslach near Strasbourg, rented and restored in Rome a house close to the via papalis and included in an area distinguished by a remarkable presence of Germans. At first sight the mansion does not show any particular difference from the usual residential architectures of Roman Quattrocento, but the decorations of windows and doors reveal the origins of his inhabitant. Indeed, these ornaments belong to a technical and formal tradition from beyond the Alps, so rare in the Renaissance Rome that finds no comparison inside the Urbe.
However, the stonemasons who worked for the curial left their mark inside the Benedictine abbey of Farfa, managed at that time by German monks and former owner of the building in Campo Marzio. The essay, underlining the peculiarity of the monument, aims to retrace the roots of the artistic code shown by Burkard’s house into the late 15th century buildings between Germany and Austria and compares it with the projects of the two churches built in Rome in the very first years of 16th century by the Teutonic community: the Nationalkirche of S. Maria dell’Anima and S. Maria della Pietà in Camposanto Teutonico.